Here I will blog a few of my thoughts on it, mainly for my own benefit. It is likely of no interest to anyone else. Alcibiades is 39 pages; I started a week ago, reading for an hour a day. Plato is definitely easier to understand than Aristotle — at least the one work by Aristotle that I read.
Notes to Socrates 1.
All ancient dates, i. All dates of modern and contemporary sources are C.
Two men are credited with initiating the genre of Socratic discourses: Ancient librarians catalogued the titles of Socratic discourses in their possession supposedly written by others known through the dialogues—Aristippus of Cyrene, Cebes of Thebes, Crito of Alopece AthensGlaucon of Collytus AthensPhaedo of Elis, and Simmias of Thebes—as well as by the Athenian Simon a leatherworker whose shop abutted the marketplace of Athens, unearthed by archaeologists in the early s.
They were not forgeries, for they were not written with the intent to deceive, but the works of some of the early Academics. On the other hand, there were forgeries: In any case, the library copies of the works themselves are not extant; only the titles—and not all of those—are recorded.
The two dialogues with fluid dramatic dates, across the Peloponnesian wars —are Gorgias and Republic. A strong tradition in German scholarship of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries was to think of Xenophon as the accurate historian and Plato as the literary author, giving rise to claims that Plato shuffled dates around and invented named Athenian characters for his literary purposes, that the characters he invented had names coded to communicate subtle truths about their bearers, and that Plato would not use living Athenians as characters in his dialogues impossible to claim, finally, because the gravestone of Lysis turned up in a construction trench northeast of the Piraeus inproving that Lysis lived to be at least sixty, having died a grandfather.
It should be noted, however, that—although Vlastos consolidated and promoted the first complete developmentalist program—he shared credit with a number of other philosophers e. David Ross, Richard Robinson, G. And it was Vlastos who took a special interest in Socrates.Notes for reading Plato’s Euthyphro As you read Euthyphro, keep some of the following questions in mind.
We will focus on these questions in lecture and discussion. Do not expect to answer all of these questions in full. They are intended to help you focus on the issues we will go over in class.
(NOTE: Because some of you may have a different version of the text, I will refer to the “page. Plato, to whom we are most indebted for information about Socrates, made him the chief character in many of his famous dialogs It is generally assumed that in Plato's earlier dialogs, the speeches attributed to Socrates are historical in the sense that they reproduce what Socrates actually said in the conversations he held with fellow Athenians.
Whereas Plato’s metaphysics, ethics, and politics both emphasized and aimed at perfect, eternal, unchangeable ideals, Aristotle’s philosophies proceeded from a point of acceptance that the world is an imperfect, ever-changing, non-ideal place.
Notes on Dialogue 3 "dialectic." In Book I of Plato's Republic Thrasymachus uses eristic; Socrates, dialectic.
Thrasymachus' purpose is to win points and to win applause. Plato (/ ˈ p l eɪ t oʊ /; Greek: Πλάτων Plátōn, pronounced [plá.tɔːn] in Classical Attic; / or / – / BC) was a philosopher in Classical Greece and the founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western initiativeblog.com is widely considered the pivotal figure in the development of Western philosophy.
Plato, student of Socrates, and Aristotle, student of Plato, two of the most influential philosophers to have ever walked the earth, take two completely different approaches whilst talking about the formation of city states and epistemology itself.