International development is an academic discipline concerned with the social and economic progress in impoverished regions. In particular, researchers seek to determine what factors explain differences in rates of development. A similar, more exact way is to look at the average number of years of schooling a member of each gender receives.
Tuition-Free Community College for Responsible Students Nearly a century ago, a movement that made high school widely available helped lead to rapid growth in the education and skills training of Americans, driving decades of economic growth and prosperity. America thrived in the 20th century in large part because we had the most educated workforce in the world.
But other nations have matched or exceeded the secret to our success. Today, more than ever, Americans need more knowledge and skills to meet the demands of a growing global economy without having to take on decades of debt before they even embark on their career.
This proposal will require everyone to do their part: The program would be undertaken in partnership with states and is inspired by new programs in Tennessee and Chicago. If all states participate, an estimated 9 million students could benefit.
In addition, today the President will propose a new American Technical Training Fund to expand innovative, high-quality technical training programs similar to Tennessee Tech Centers that meet employer needs and help prepare more Americans for better paying jobs.
They are particularly important for students who are older, working, need remedial classes, or can only take classes part-time.
For many students, they offer academic programs and an affordable route to a four-year college degree. They are also uniquely positioned to partner with employers to create tailored training programs to meet economic needs within their communities such as nursing, health information technology, and advanced manufacturing.
Restructuring the community college experience, coupled with free tuition, can lead to gains in student enrollment, persistence, and completion transfer, and employment.
Specifically, here is what the initiative will mean: Students who attend at least half-time, maintain a 2. These students will be able to earn half of the academic credit they need for a four-year degree or earn a certificate or two-year degree to prepare them for a good job.
Building High-Quality Community Colleges: Community colleges will be expected to offer programs that either 1 are academic programs that fully transfer to local public four-year colleges and universities, giving students a chance to earn half of the credit they need for a four-year degree, or 2 are occupational training programs with high graduation rates and that lead to degrees and certificates that are in demand among employers.
Other types of programs will not be eligible for free tuition. Colleges must also adopt promising and evidence-based institutional reforms to improve student outcomes, such as the effective Accelerated Study in Associate Programs ASAP programs at the City University of New York which waive tuition, help students pay for books and transit costs, and provide academic advising and supportive scheduling programs to better meet the needs of participating students, resulting in greater gains in college persistence and degree completion.
Ensuring Shared Responsibility with States: Federal funding will cover three-quarters of the average cost of community college. States that choose to participate will be expected to contribute the remaining funds necessary to eliminate community college tuition for eligible students.
States that already invest more and charge students less can make smaller contributions, though all participating states will be required to put up some matching funds.
States must also commit to continue existing investments in higher education; coordinate high schools, community colleges, and four-year institutions to reduce the need for remediation and repeated courses; and allocate a significant portion of funding based on performance, not enrollment alone.
States will have flexibility to use some resources to expand quality community college offerings, improve affordability at four-year public universities, and improve college readiness, through outreach and early intervention.
Additionally, in order to spread the availability of high-quality and innovative programs like those in Tennessee and Texas, which achieve better than average completion and employment outcomes, the President is also proposing the American Technical Training Fund. This fund will award programs that have strong employer partnerships and include work-based learning opportunities, provide accelerated training, and are scheduled to accommodate part-time work.
Programs could be created within current community colleges or other training institutions.
The focus of the discretionary budget proposal would be to help high-potential, low-wage workers gain the skills to work into growing fields with significant numbers of middle-class jobs that local employers are trying to fill such as energy, IT, and advanced manufacturing.
This program will fund the start-up of centers and scale those efforts in succeeding years. Smaller grants would help to bring together partners and start a pilot program. Larger grants would be used for expanding programs based on evidence of effectiveness, which could include past performance on graduation rates, job placement rates and placement wages.
Building on State and Local Programs. In the past year, Tennessee and the City of Chicago initiated free community college programs.
The scholarship is coupled with college counseling, mentorship, and community service that early evidence suggests supports greater enrollment, persistence and college completion. This is coupled with efforts to spur innovation and improvement by funding colleges using performance outcomes based on student success and an innovative approach to career and technical education through the Tennessee Colleges of Applied Technology.
These Tennessee Tech Centers have a graduation rate of 80 percent and a job placement rate of 85 percent. Building on a Record of Progress. Since taking office, President Obama has taken steps to expand federal support to help more students afford college, while calling for a shared responsibility in tackling rising college costs.
Doubling the Investment in Pell Grants: The number of Pell Grant recipients has expanded by 50 percent over that same time. Expanding Education Tax Credits: All new borrowers can now cap loan payments at 10 percent of their incomes.
The Department of Education has begun the process to amend its regulations and will make the new plan available on all direct loans by December For better or worse, State College’s growth is changing the community. By; Min Xian; The continued growth in population in the State College has brought with it new development and business.
positive and negative. View the series. You may also like. The college is one of the region’s largest employers, it is a buyer of goods and services, is a primary source of education to local residents, and supplies local industry with trained initiativeblog.com creates a significant positive impact on the local business community and generates a return on investment to its major stakeholder groups.
FACT SHEET - White House Unveils America’s College Promise Proposal: Tuition-Free Community College for Responsible Students Nearly a century ago, a movement that made high school widely available helped lead to rapid growth in the education and skills training of Americans, driving decades of economic growth and prosperity.
The results provide evidence for the positive economic impact of community college capacity development in developing countries, as well as a comparative advantage of labor for developing countries that have engaged in partnerships.
Because of the close proximity of college buildings and the small communities developed within campus residence halls, peer-to-peer interactions have the greatest influence, positive or negative, on students in the college environment.
Strengthening Our Economy Through College for All By David A. Bergeron and Carmel Martin Posted on February 19, , am Endnotes and citations are available in the PDF and Scribd versions.